Hazards and Solutions
There are many situations that may cause slips, trips, and falls, such as ice, wet spots, grease, polished floors, loose flooring or carpeting, uneven walking surfaces, clutter, electrical cords, open desk drawers and filing cabinets, and damaged ladder steps. The controls needed to prevent these hazards are usually obvious, but too often ignored, such as keeping walkways and stairs clear of scrap and debris; coiling up extension cords, lines, and hoses when not in use; keeping electrical and other wires out of the way; wearing lug soles in icy weather; clearing parking lots, stairs, and walkways in snowy weather; and using salt/sand as needed. The following references provide information on walking/working surfaces hazards and prevention.
- Small Business Handbook (PDF). OSHA Publication 2209-02R, (2005).
- Stairways and Ladders: A Guide to OSHA Rules (PDF). OSHA Publication 3124-12R, (2003).
- Safety and Health Information Bulletins (SHIBs). OSHA.
- Construction Hazards (PDF*). OSHA Quick Card.
- Construction Personal Protective Equipment (PPE). OSHA Quick Card. Also available as a 19 KB PDF, 1 page.
- Walking-Working Surfaces (ZIP*). OSHA assists trainers conducting OSHA 10-hour general industry outreach training for workers. Since workers are the target audience, the material emphasizes hazard identification, avoidance, and control — not standards. No attempt has been made to treat the topic exhaustively.
- Scaffolding. OSHA Safety and Health Topics Page.
- Construction. OSHA eTool. A Spanish version is also available. Helps workers identify and control the hazards that cause the most serious construction-related injuries.
- Teen Worker Safety in Restaurants. OSHA eTool. Discusses slips, trips, and falls throughout the eTool.
*Accessibility Assistance: Contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300 for assistance accessing PDF materials.
All other documents, that are not PDF materials or formatted for the web, are available as Microsoft Office® formats and videos and are noted accordingly. If additional assistance is needed with reading, reviewing or accessing these documents or any figures and illustrations, please also contact OSHA's Directorate of Technical Support and Emergency Management at (202) 693-2300.
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