Violation Detail

Standard Cited: 5A0001 OSH Act General Duty Paragraph

Violation Items

Nr: 102281128 Citation: 02059 Issuance: 01/27/1993 ReportingID: 0625700

Viol Type:Willful NrInstances:3 Contest Date:02/12/1993
Abatement Date:02/01/1993 X Nr Exposed:1 Final Order:
Initial Penalty: $50,000.00 REC: Emphasis:
Current Penalty: $50,000.00 Gravity:10 Haz Category:CRUSHING


Text For Citation: 02 Item/Group: 059 Hazard: CRUSHING

Section 5(a)(1) of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970: The %% employer did not furnish employment and a place of employment to Ronald Marcantel which was free from recognized hazards that were causing or likely to cause serious physical harm to employees in that there was a catastrophic failure/explosion in a pressure vessel containing liquified Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Ammonia (NH3), Ammonium Carbamate, and urea, under 2850 psig of pressure at a temperature of 370 degrees Fahrenheit, exposing them to; being crushed/struck by flying/falling debris and/or, heat/chemical burns and/or, asphyxiation/toxic gases. The following conditions contributed to the existence of this hazard: (a) On or about July 28, 1992, the urea manufacturing operation utilizing a pressure vessel was not shut down upon previous detection of leaks in the liner. Feasible abatement methods to correct this condition may include, but are not limited to, shut the reactor down immediately upon detection of a leak and radiographically check for corrosion. (b) On or about July 28, 1992, management had not developed an adequate inspection program to insure that each leak detection system (weep holes and leak detection holes) was inspected properly for detection of decomposition gases (car