Standard Interpretations - Table of Contents
• Standard Number: 1910.1030(f)(1)(ii)

OSHA requirements are set by statute, standards and regulations. Our interpretation letters explain these requirements and how they apply to particular circumstances, but they cannot create additional employer obligations. This letter constitutes OSHA's interpretation of the requirements discussed. Note that our enforcement guidance may be affected by changes to OSHA rules. Also, from time to time we update our guidance in response to new information. To keep apprised of such developments, you can consult OSHA's website at

July 7, 1999

Alfred K. Whitehead
General President
International Association of Fire Fighters
1750 New York Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20006-5395

Dear Mr. Whitehead:

Thank you for your April 14, 1999 letter to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA). We apologize for our delay in responding to your important questions. We hope that this letter will serve as a useful resource in addressing the concerns of your affiliates regarding the employer's obligation in the Hepatitis B vaccination process.

The issue regarding employee vaccinations for bloodborne pathogens is clearly documented in 29 CFR 1910.1030, Bloodborne Pathogens, and its current directive, OSHA Instruction [CPL 2-2.69, Enforcement Procedures for the Occupational Exposure to Bloodborne Pathogens]. Your questions are outlined below, followed by OSHA's interpretation.
1. Must the employer either provide or pay for transportation to and from the site where the Hepatitis B vaccination will be administered?
According to the standard, "the employer shall ensure that all medical evaluations and procedures including the h