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Ethylene Glycol

General Description

  • Synonyms: 1,2-Dihydroxyethane; 1,2-Ethanediol; Glycol; Glycol alcohol; Monoethylene glycol
  • OSHA IMIS Code Number: 1911
  • Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) Registry Number: 107-21-1
  • NIOSH Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances (RTECS) Identification Number: KW2975000
  • NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards, Ethylene Glycol: chemical description, physical properties, potentially hazardous incompatibilities, and more

Exposure Limits

  • American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists (ACGIH) Threshold Limit Value (TLV) (1992): 100 mg/m3 Ceiling (Aerosol only); A4
  • National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Recommended Exposure Limit (REL): Appendix D - Substances With No Established RELs

Health Factors

  • Potential Symptoms: Irritation of eyes, skin, nose, throat; lassitude (weakness, exhaustion); headache, dizziness, central nervous system depression; abnormal eye movements (nystagmus); skin sensitization; INGES ACUTE: Abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, loss of coordination, stupor, convulsions, unconsciousness; rapid heart rate, congestive heart failure; kidney damage, failure (delayed).
  • Health Effects: Irritation-Eye, Nose, Throat, Skin---Moderate (HE15) CNS depression (HE7)
  • Affected Organs: Eyes, skin, respiratory system, CNS
  • Notes: Exposure by ingestion can be determined by urinalysis for oxalic acid, a metabolite of ethylene glycol.
  • Date Last Revised: 06/04/2004
  • Literature Basis:
    • NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards: Ethylene Glycol.
    • International Chemical Safety Cards (WHO/IPCS/ILO): Ethylene Glycol.
    • EPA Air Toxics Website: Ethylene Glycol. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Technology Transfer Network.
    • Pohanish, R.P. (editor): Ethylene Glycol. In, Sittig's Handbook of Toxic and Hazardous Chemicals and Carcinogens, Fourth Ed., Vol. 1. Norwich, NY: Noyes Publications, William Andrew Publishing, 2002, pp. 1088-1090.

Monitoring Methods used by OSHA

Laboratory Sampling/Analytical Method:
  • OSHA Versatile Sampler (OVS-7) - 13 mm XAD-7 tube (270/140 mg sections, 20/60 mesh) with a Glass Fiber Filter enclosed
  • analytical solvent: Methanol
  • maximum volume: 60 Liters
  • maximum flow rate: 2 L/min
  • current analytical method: Gas Chromatography; GC/FID
  • method reference: NIOSH Analytical Method (NIOSH 5523)
  • method slassification: Partially Validated
  • note: Ship cold to the laboratory for analysis.
On-Site Sampling Techniques/Methods:
  • Detector Tube
  • manufacturer: Dräger
  • model/type: Ethylene Glycol 10, order no. 81 01351
  • sampling information: 10 strokes
  • upper measurement limit: 180 mg/m3
  • detection limit: approximately 5 mg/m3
  • overall uncertainty: approximately 41%
  • method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)
  • Detector Tube
  • manufacturer: Gastec
  • model/type: 165L
  • sampling information: 2 strokes
  • upper measurement limit: 100 mg/m3
  • detection limit: 2 mg/m3
  • overall uncertainty: 25% for 10 to 50 mg/m3, 16% for 50 to 100 mg/m3
  • method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)
  • Detector Tube
  • manufacturer: Matheson-Kitagawa
  • model/type: 8014-232SB
  • sampling information: 3 strokes
  • upper measurement limit: 40 mg/m3
  • detection limit: approximately 1 mg/m3
  • overall uncertainty: unknown
  • method reference: on-site air secondary (manufacturer)

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